Recently, numerous business organizations, small-scale or large-scale, rely on diverse high-density IT equipment. Therefore, shortage of power along with its ever-increasing prices and the concentration on the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions, need new yet advanced technology to meet these challenges. Regardless of the data center, power needs to deal with two other aspects, distribution of power amongst data centers and data center cooling. However, before using any of the techniques, it is important to have a suitable understanding of heat load. Identifying the heat load commences by the recognition of the mechanism or machines and their positioning in their respective places. Also, one has to remember that it is just a part of the large environmental heat load.
The rise of practical servers and sharp edge servers is resulting into a drastic increase, in the quantity of power consumed per rack, and an increased heat output. The amount of heat emitted by a two and a half feet rack is approximately around 10 kilowatts. However, experts analyze that the amount of heat emitted by future equipment designs will be around 30 to 60 kilowatts. The inclination in the direction of increasing power consumption and emission has acknowledged into various studies. Therefore, while installing a data center cooling system in the server room, it is very important to consider the future developments. It is also imperative to ensure that it supports the amount of equipment used on a regular basis.
Many a time, machines that occupy particular space are not determined before the installation of the Data Center
Cooling system designs. In such a situation, the experience of the designer occupies a significant role. The designer ought to have complete awareness of the load profile for various equipment and application deployments. Some factors that urge the requirement of such cooling systems are to tackle challenges regarding the environment, efficient work of the server systems and to maintain the overall consumption of energy. Another major reason for installing the cooling system is the ever-changing technology and its consumption. Hence, in comparison to a traditional cooling system, one may have the need to double the performance of the semiconductor.